Developing and validating multiple choice test item


These readers surface in my life in countless ways.Some readers point out an error, share an idea or a new MC format, ask a question, or simply offer support to the effort to improve test items.This book is intended for anyone who is seriously interested in designing and validating multiple-choice test items that measure understanding and the application of knowledge and skills to complex situations, such as critical thinking and problem solving. The importance of item development for validity -- 2. This edition has been extensively revised to include: more information about writing items that match content standards; more information about creating item pools and item banking; a new set of item-writing rules (with examples) in chapter 5, as well as guidelines for other multiple-choice formats; hundreds of examples including an expanded chapter 4 devoted to exemplary item formats and a new chapter 6 containing exemplary items (with author annotations); a chapter on item generation featuring item modeling and other procedures that speed up item development; and a more extensive set of references to past and current work in the area of multiple-choice item writing and validation. This edition has been extensively revised to include: more information about writing items that match content standards; more information about creating item pools and item banking; a new set of item-writing rules (with examples) in chapter 5, as well as guidelines for other multiple-choice formats; hundreds of examples including an expanded chapter 4 devoted to exemplary item formats and a new chapter 6 containing exemplary items (with author annotations); a chapter on item generation featuring item modeling and other procedures that speed up item development; and a more extensive set of references to past and current work in the area of multiple-choice item writing and validation. The book will be of interest to anyone who develops test items for large-scale assessments, as well as teachers and graduate students who desire the most comprehensive and authoritative information on the design and validation of multiple-choice test items. I generated double fist fulls of these kinds of tests when I taught undergraduate classes at the University of Missouri, but apparently I and everyone else going all the way back to my grade school was doing it ALL WRONG. What I like about Developing and Validating Multiple-Choice Test Items is that it picks a focus and sticks with it.After some obligatory introductory philosophizing, the book walks you through the various multiple choice item formats (of which there are way more than I realized), then moved on to how to actually generate the items and how to check over them to make sure they're valid for whatever use you have in mind.The most comprehensive and authoritative book in its field, this edition has been extensively revised to include: *more information about writing items that match content standards; *more information about creating item pools and item banking; *a new set of item-writing rules (with examples) in chapter 5, as well as guidelines for other multiple-choice formats; *hundreds of examples including an expanded chapter 4 devoted to exemplary item formats and a new chapter 6 containing exemplary items (with author annotations); *a chapter on item generation (chapter 7) featuring item modeling and other procedures that speed up item development; and *a more extensive set of references to past and current work in the area of multiple-choice item writing and validation.



Creating believable but still objectively wrong answers to put in there with the right answer is actually the hardest part.In so doing, the volume provides a conceptual basis for item writing, reviews the issue of constructed- versus selected-response testing, presents a variety of formats, provides guidance in developing items as well as a basis for reviewing, evaluating, and improving items, and speculates about the future of item development and validation.This book helps readers better understand the concepts, principles, and procedures available to build better test items that will lead to more reliable tests of ability and achievement.This third edition contains some significant revisions that I hope will be an improvement over the previous two editions.

MOTIVATION FOR THIS THIRD EDITIONRevising a book for the second time requires some motivation. First, readers continue to show an interest in a comprehensive treatment of MC item development and item response validation.

This book will be of interest to anyone who develops test items for large-scale assessments, as well as teachers and graduate students who desire the most comprehensive and authoritative information on the design and validation of multiple-choice test items.